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Diana McCarthy. 2002. Lexical substitution as a task for WSD evaluation. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 109--115, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Emanuelle Cannesson and Patrick Saint-Dizier. 2002. Defining and representing preposition senses: a preliminary analysis. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 25--31, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Timothy Chklovski and Rada Mihalcea. 2002. Building a sense tagged corpus with open mind word expert. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 116--122, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Eneko Agirre, et al. 2002. A multilingual approach to disambiguate prepositions and case suffixes. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 1--8, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Ted Pedersen. 2002. Assessing system agreement and instance difficulty in the lexical sample tasks of senseval-2. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 40--46, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Judita Preiss and Anna Korhonen. 2002. Improving subcategorization acquisition with WSD. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 102--108, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Veronique Hoste, et al. 2002. Evaluating the results of a memory-based word-expert approach to unrestricted word sense disambiguation. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 95--101, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Ted Pedersen. 2002. Evaluating the effectiveness of ensembles of decision trees in disambiguating senseval lexical samples. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 81--87, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Hal Daume III and Daniel Marcu . 2002. A Noisy-Channel Model for Document Compression. In Proceedings of 40th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pp 449--456, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [cl09bib] url google scholar
Irina Chugur and Julio Gonzalo. 2002. A study of polysemy and sense proximity in the senseval-2 test suite. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 32--39, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Dan Klein, et al. 2002. Combining heterogeneous classifiers for word sense disambiguation. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 74--80, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Nancy Ide, et al. 2002. Sense discrimination with parallel corpora. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 54--60, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Veronique Hoste, Walter Daelemans, et al. 2002. Dutch word sense disambiguation: optimizing the localness of context. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 61--66, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Kenneth Litkowski. 2002. Digraph analysis of dictionary preposition definitions. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 9--16, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Radu Florian and Richard Wicentowski. 2002. Unsupervised Italian word sense disambiguation using WordNets and unlabelled corpora. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 67--73, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] pdf google scholar
Alda Mari. 2002. Under-specification and contextual variability of abstract prepositions: a case study. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 17--24, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Hoa Trang Dang and Martha Palmer. 2002. Combining contextual features for word sense disambiguation. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 88--94, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
Kenneth Litkowski. 2002. Sense information for disambiguation: confluence of supervised and unsupervised methods. In Word sense disambiguation: recent successes and future directions, proceedings of the workshop, pp 47--53, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, July. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WSD] google scholar
J. T. Huang and M. T. Wang. 2002. Secondary Structural Wobble: The Limits of Protein Prediction Accuracy. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol 294, no 3, pp 621--625, June. [BIO] google scholar
Rada Mihalcea. 2002. Bootstrapping Large Sense Tagged Corpora. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Languages Resources and Evaluations LREC 2002, Las Palmas, Spain, May. [WSD, semeval07.bib] google scholar
David Brin. 2002. Kil'n People. UNK. [book.scifi] google scholar books
M. Johnson. 2002. Squibs and discussions: the DOP Estimation method is biased and inconsistent. Computational Linguistics, vol 28, no 1, pp 71--76. MIT Press. [uparse, DOP] google scholar
Aldous Huxley. 2002. Brave New World. RosettaBooks. [ebook] epub google scholar books
Franz Josef Och and Hermann Ney. 2002. Discriminative training and maximum entropy models for statistical machine translation. In Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics. [MT, MTreading] pdf google scholar
D. Gildea and D. Jurafsky . 2002. Automatic labeling of semantic roles. Computational Linguistics, vol 28(3), pp 245 288. [conll08st] google scholar
T. Belpaeme. 2002. Factors influencing the origins of colour categories. Vrije Universiteit Brussel. [enginthesis] google scholar
Andreas Stolcke. 2002. SRILM -- An Extensible Language Modeling Toolkit. In Proc. Int. Conf. Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP 2002). [SLM, comp542] pdf google scholar
Simon Kirby . 2002. Natural Language from Artificial Life. Artifical Life, vol 8, no 2, pp 185 - 215. [EvoLang, Communication] pdf annote google scholar
Kevin Murphy. 2002. Dynamic Bayesian Networks: Representation, Inference and Learning. UC Berkeley. PhD Thesis. [Bayes, npbayes] pdf google scholar
Michael I. Jordan and Y. Weiss. 2002. Graphical models: Probabilistic inference. In The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks, Cambridge, MA. MIT Press. [Bayes, npbayes] ps google scholar
Henry Brighton . 2002. Compositional Syntax from Cultural Transmission.. Artifical Life, vol 8, no 1, pp 25 - 54. [EvoLang, Syntax] pdf google scholar
H.M. Deitel and P.J. Deitel. 2002. Java: How to Program (6th and 7th eds). Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ. [book.computers] google scholar books
John Polkinghorne. 2002. Quantum Theory: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford. [book.science] google scholar books
J.R. Gribbin. 2002. Science: a history, 1543-2001. Allen Lane. [book.science] url google scholar books
P.S. Churchland. 2002. Brain-wise: studies in neurophilosophy. MIT Press. [book.brain, ebook] url google scholar books
Ray Jackendoff. 2002. Foundations of Language : Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution. Oxford University Press. [ebook] epub google scholar books
F.C.N. Pereira and S.M. Shieber. 2002. Prolog and Natural-Language Analysis. Microtome Publishing. [book.language] url google scholar books
L. Lipka. 2002. English lexicology: lexical structure, word semantics & word-formation. Narr. [book.language] url google scholar books
Hilary Putnam. 2002. The Collapse of the Fact Value Dichotomy. Harvard. [book.philosophy] google scholar books
S. Kinzer. 2002. Crescent and star: Turkey between two worlds. Farrar Straus Giroux. [book.nonfiction] google scholar books
Gabor Lugosi. 2002. Pattern Classification and Learning Theory. In Principles of Nonparametric Learning. Springer pdf google scholar
Patricia Smith Churchland. 2002. Brain-Wise: Studies in Neurophilosophy. MIT Press. [ebook] epub google scholar books
Nicci French. 2002. Land Of The Living. UNK. [book.fiction] google scholar books
Bo Pang, Lillian Lee and Shivakumar Vaithyanathan. 2002. Thumbs up?: sentiment classification using machine learning techniques. In Proceedings of the ACL-02 conference on Empirical methods in natural language processing-Volume 10, pp 79--86. Association for Computational Linguistics. [nlpcourse, comp542] pdf annote google scholar
Michael Collins. 2002. Discriminative training methods for hidden markov models: Theory and experiments with perceptron algorithms. In Proceedings of the ACL-02 conference on Empirical methods in natural language processing-Volume 10, pp 1--8. Association for Computational Linguistics. cit 1308. [comp542, perceptron] pdf annote google scholar
Samuel P Harbison and Guy L Steele. 2002. C, a reference manual. Prentice-Hall, Inc.. [book.computers, ebook, C] pdf google scholar books
Hilary Putnam. 2002. The Collapse Of The Fact/Value Dichotomy: And Other Essays. Harvard University Press. [book.philosophy] google scholar books
Edward Craig. 2002. Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, USA. [book.philosophy] google scholar books
Noam Chomsky. 2002. The Chomsky Quartet: The Common Good/The Prosperous Few & the Restless Many/Secrets, Lies & Democracy/What Uncle Sam Really Wants (Real Story). Odonian Press. [book.nonfiction] google scholar books
Hilary Putnam. 2002. The Collapse of the Fact/Value Dichotomy and Other Essays. Harvard University Press. [book.philosophy] google scholar books
Deb K Roy and Alex P Pentland. 2002. Learning words from sights and sounds: A computational model. Cognitive science, vol 26, no 1, pp 113--146. Elsevier. [SituatedLanguage] google scholar
N. Bostrom. 2002. Anthropic Bias: Observation Selection Effects in Science and Philosophy. Routledge. [ebook, book.philosophy] pdf url google scholar books
Yi Li and Philip M Long. 2002. The relaxed online maximum margin algorithm. Machine Learning, vol 46, no 1-3, pp 361--387. Springer. (ROMMA). cit 157. [perceptron] google scholar
Tom Downs, Kevin E Gates and Annette Masters. 2002. Exact simplification of support vector solutions. The Journal of Machine Learning Research, vol 2, pp 293--297. JMLR. org. cit 205. [perceptron] google scholar
Bernhard Schölkopf and Alexander J Smola. 2002. Learning with kernels: Support vector machines, regularization, optimization, and beyond. MIT press. [perceptron, book.ml, ebook] pdf google scholar books
Michael Collins. 2002. Ranking algorithms for named-entity extraction: Boosting and the voted perceptron. In Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics, pp 489--496. Association for Computational Linguistics. cit 231. [perceptron] google scholar
Michael Collins and Nigel Duffy. 2002. New ranking algorithms for parsing and tagging: Kernels over discrete structures, and the voted perceptron. In Proceedings of the 40th annual meeting on association for computational linguistics, pp 263--270. Association for Computational Linguistics. cit 480. [perceptron] google scholar
Pascal Vincent and Yoshua Bengio. 2002. Kernel matching pursuit. Machine Learning, vol 48, no 1-3, pp 165--187. Springer. cit 222. [perceptron] google scholar
John Gray. 2002. Straw Dogs: Thoughts on Humans and Other Animals. Granta Books (UK). [book.nonfiction] google scholar books
Thomas L. Friedman. 2002. Longitudes and Attitudes: Exploring the World After September 11. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. [book.nonfiction] google scholar books
Greg Bear. 2002. Darwin's Children (Darwin's Radio #2). Del Rey. [book.scifi] google scholar books
Donna Boyd. 2002. The Alchemist. Ballantine Books. [book.fiction] google scholar books
Patricia Cornwell. 2002. Portrait Of A Killer: Jack The Ripper Case Closed. UNK. [book.fiction] google scholar books
Erik Larson. 2002. The Devil in the White City: Murder, Magic, and Madness at the Fair That Changed America. Vintage. [book.fiction] google scholar books
Peter F. Hamilton. 2002. The Reality Dysfunction 1: Emergence (Night's Dawn 1). Aspect. [book.scifi] google scholar books
Robert Ludlum. 2002. The Janson Directive. UNK. [book.fiction] google scholar books
Ergun Biçici. 2002. Prolegomenon to Commonsense Reasoning in User Interfaces. In ACM Crossroads, Human Computer Interaction (9.1) google scholar
Karin Slaughter. 2002. Faithless (Grant County, #5). Arrow. [book.fiction] google scholar books
Michael Crichton. 2002. Prey. HarperCollins Publishers. [book.scifi] google scholar books
Joseph E. Stiglitz. 2002. Globalization and Its Discontents. Penguin Group. [book.nonfiction] google scholar books
Sema Nilgün Erdoğan. 2002. Sexual Life in Ottoman Society. Milet Publishing. [book.nonfiction] google scholar books
Greg Egan. 2002. Schild's Ladder. Eos. [book.scifi] google scholar books
David G. Hartwell. 2002. The Hard SF Renaissance. Orb Books. [book.scifi] google scholar books
Greg Bear. 2002. Vitals. UNK. [book.scifi] google scholar books
Kim Stanley Robinson. 2002. The Years Of Rice And Salt. UNK. [book.scifi] google scholar books
Damien Broderick. 2002. Transcension. Tom Doherty Associates. [book.scifi] google scholar books
Regina Barzilay and Lillian Lee. 2002. Bootstrapping Lexical Choice via Multiple-Sequence Alignment. In Proceedings of the 2002 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP). [Paraphrase] pdf google scholar
Dimitri P. Bertsekas and John N. Tsitsiklis. 2002. Introduction to Probability. Athena Scientific. [book.mathtext, ebook] pdf google scholar books
W. N. Venables and B. D. Ripley. 2002. Modern Applied Statistics with S. Springer. [book.ml] google scholar books
Raymond Smullyan. 2002. Some Interesting Memories: A Paradoxical Life. Thinking Press. [book.philosophy] google scholar books
Timothy Gowers. 2002. Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford. [book.math] google scholar books
Steven Pinker. 2002. The Blank Slate. Viking. [book.brain] google scholar books
David Flanagan. 2002. Java in a Nutshell. O'Reilly. [book.computers] google scholar books
Andrew Carnie. 2002. Syntax: a generative introduction. Blackwell. [book.language] pdf google scholar books
Noam Chomsky. 2002. On Nature and Language. Cambridge. [book.language] google scholar books
Peter Atkins and Julio de Paula. 2002. Atkins' Physical Chemistry. Oxford. [book.scitext] google scholar books
Darrell D. Ebbing and Steven D. Gammon. 2002. General Chemistry. Houghton Mifflin. [book.scitext] google scholar books
Dilek Z. Hakkani-Tür, Kemal Oflazer and Gökhan Tür. 2002. Statistical Morphological Disambiguation for Agglutinative Languages. Computers and the Humanities, vol 36, pp 381--410. [NLP, SLM] pdf google scholar
Ray Jackendoff. 2002. Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution. Oxford. [book.language, 3D, +kindle] mobi google scholar books
William Croft. 2002. Typology and Universals. Cambridge. [book.language] google scholar books
John H. Flavell, Patricia H. Miller and Scott A. Miller. 2002. Cognitive Development. Prentice Hall. [book.brain] google scholar books
Toben H. Mintz, Elissa L. Newport and Thomas G. Bever. 2002. The distributional structure of grammatical categories in speech to young children. Cognitive Science, vol 26, pp 393--424. [CLL] google scholar
Minghua Deng , Shipra Mehta , Fengzhu Sun and Ting Chen . 2002. Inferring Domain-Domain Interactions from Protein-Protein Interactions. In RECOMB. [BIO] google scholar
Dimitrij Frishman. 2002. Knowledge-based selection of targets for structural genomics. Protein Engineering. [BIO] google scholar
A. Kloczkowski, K. L. Ting, RL Jernigan and J. Garnier. 2002. Combining the GOR V Algorithm with Evolutionary Information for Protein Secondary Structure Prediction from Amino Acid Sequence. PSFG, vol 49, pp 154--166. [BIO] google scholar
David Allen McAllester and Deniz Yuret. 2002. Alpha-beta-conspiracy search. ICGA Journal, vol 25, no 1, pp 16--35. [AI, ai.ku] url ps pdf google scholar
Rodney Allen Brooks. 2002. Robot: The Future of Flesh and Machines. Penguin. [book.ai] google scholar books
Thomas A. Graham Wilson K. Cl and Wenqing Xu. 2002. The Crystal Structure of the Beta-Catenin/ICAT Complex Reveals the Inhibitory Mechanism of ICAT. Molecular Cell. [BIO] google scholar
R. Matthew Fesinmeyer Jonathan W. Neidigh and Niels H. Andersen. 2002. Designing a 20-residue protein. Nature Structural Biology. [BIO] google scholar
Carlos Simmerling Bentley Str and Adrian E. Roitberg. 2002. All-Atom Structure Prediction and Folding Simulations of a Stable Protein. J. Am. Chem. Soc.. [BIO] google scholar
Ray Jackendoff. 2002. Precis of: Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. To be published. [CLL] google scholar
E. Ravasz, A. L. Somera, D. A. Mongru, Z. N. Oltvai and A. L. Barabasi. 2002. Hierarchical Organization of Modularity in Metabolic Networks. Science. [BIO] google scholar
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K. Satou T. Oyama K. Kitano and T. Ito. 2002. Extraction of knowledge on protein-protein interaction by association rule discovery. Bioinformatics. [BIO] google scholar
Nicoletta Calzolari, et al. 2002. Evaluating lexical resources using SENSEVAL. Natural Language Engineering, vol 8, no 4, pp 375--390. Cambridge University Press. [WSD] google scholar
Kenneth Church. 2002. Dedication to William A. Gale. Natural Language Engineering, vol 8, no 4, pp 275--277. Cambridge University Press. [WSD] google scholar
Rodney Allen Brooks. 2002. Flesh and Machines: How Robots will Change Us. Vintage. [book.ai] google scholar books
G. Doddington. 2002. Authomatic Evaluation of Machine Translation Quality Using N-gram Co-Occurrence Statistics. [MT, Paraphrase] google scholar
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Ali Ibrahim. 2002. Extracting paraphrases from aligned corpora. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. [Paraphrase] pdf google scholar
Dan Klein and Christopher D. Manning. 2002. A Generative Constituent-Context Model for Improved Grammar Induction. In Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting of the ACL. [NLP, parsing, unsupervised, uparse] pdf google scholar
Kishore Papineni, Salim Roukos, Todd Ward and Wei-Jing Zhu. 2002. Bleu: a Method for Automatic Evaluation of Machine Translation. In ACL. [MT, MTreading, Paraphrase] pdf google scholar
Robert C. Moore. 2002. Fast and Accurate Sentence Alignment of Bilingual Corpora. In AMTA '02: Proceedings of the 5th Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas on Machine Translation: From Research to Real Users, pp 135--144, London, UK. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 3-540-44282-0. [MTreading, SentenceAlignment] google scholar
Gino Segrè. 2002. Einstein's Refrigerator. Penguin. [book.science] google scholar books
Richard Feynman. 2002. Feynman and Computation. Westview. [book.computers] google scholar books
Stephen W. Hawking. 2002. On the shoulders of giants. Running Press. [book.science] google scholar books
John Brockman. 2002. The Next Fifty Years. Vintage. [book.science] google scholar books
Alexei Sossinsky. 2002. Knots. Harvard. [book.math] google scholar books
Matthias Seeger. 2002. Bayesian Gaussian Processes. [Bayes, Nonparametric, npbayes] pdf google scholar
Matthias Seeger. 2002. Relationships between Gaussian processes, Support Vector machines and Smoothing Splines. [Bayes, Nonparametric, SVM, npbayes] pdf google scholar
Veronique Hoste. 2002. Parameter optimization for machine learning of word sense disambiguation. Natural Language Engineering, vol 8, no 4, pp 311--325. Cambridge University Press. [WSD] google scholar
Rada F. Mihalcea. 2002. Word sense disambiguation with pattern learning and automatic feature selection. Natural Language Engineering, vol 8, no 4, pp 343--358. Cambridge University Press. [WSD] google scholar
Radu Florian, et al. 2002. Combining classifiers for word sense disambiguation. Natural Language Engineering, vol 8, no 4, pp 327--341. [WSD] pdf google scholar
Philip Edmonds and Adam Kilgarriff. 2002. Introduction to the special issue on evaluating word sense disambiguation systems. Natural Language Engineering, vol 8, no 4, pp 279--291. Cambridge University Press. [WSD] google scholar
Philip Edmonds. 2002. SENSEVAL: the evaluation of word sense disambiguation systems. ELRA Newsletter, vol 7, no 3. [WSD] google scholar
David Yarowsky and Radu Florian. 2002. Evaluating Sense Disambiguation Across Diverse Parameter Spaces. Natural Language Engineering, vol 8, no 4, pp 293--310. [WSD, semeval07.bib, cl09bib] pdf google scholar
Patrick Pantel and Dekang Lin. 2002. Discovering Word Senses from Text. In SIGKDD. [WSD] pdf google scholar
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Jason Eisner. 2002. Introduction to the Special Section on Linguistically Apt Statistical Methods. Cognitive Science. [Bayes, npbayes] pdf google scholar
Boris Katz, Sue Felshin, Deniz Yuret, et al. 2002. Omnibase: Uniform access to heterogeneous data for question answering. In NLDB 2002, LNCS 2553, pp 230--234. Springer-Verlag. [ai.ku] url pdf google scholar
George Dyson. 2002. Project Orion. Penguin. [book.science] google scholar books

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