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Thorsten Brants and Alex Franz. 2006. Web 1T 5-gram Version 1. Linguistic Data Consortium, Philadelphia. LDC2006T13. [NLP, semeval07.bib, acl08smoothing, SLM, cl09bib] google scholar
Bill MacCartney, Trond Grenager, Marie-Catherine de Marneffe, Daniel Cer and Christopher D. Manning. 2006. Learning to recognize features of valid textual entailments. In HLT-NAACL '06. [NLP, RTE] pdf google scholar
Deniz Yuret. 2006. Lexical attraction models of language. Revised version of my PhD work. [NLP, uparse, ai.ku] url pdf google scholar
Dan Klein and Christopher D. Manning. 2004. Corpus-Based Induction of Syntactic Structure: Models of Dependency and Constituency. In Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Meeting of the ACL. [NLP, parsing, unsupervised, uparse, udep] pdf google scholar
Dan Klein and Christopher D. Manning. 2002. A Generative Constituent-Context Model for Improved Grammar Induction. In Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting of the ACL. [NLP, parsing, unsupervised, uparse] pdf google scholar
Dilek Z. Hakkani-Tür, Kemal Oflazer and Gökhan Tür. 2002. Statistical Morphological Disambiguation for Agglutinative Languages. Computers and the Humanities, vol 36, pp 381--410. [NLP, SLM] pdf google scholar
Mark A. Paskin. 2001. Grammatical Bigrams. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 14 (NIPS-01), Cambridge, MA. MIT Press. [NLP, uparse] pdf google scholar
Michael R. Brent. 1999. An efficient, probabilistically sound algorithm for segmentation and word discovery. [NLP] google scholar
Hans van Halteren, editor. 1999. Syntactic Wordclass Tagging. Kluwer Academic Publishers. [NLP] google scholar books
Andrew Kehler and Andreas Stolcke, editors. 1999. Unsupervised learning in natural language processing. [NLP] google scholar
Sabine Buchholz, Jorn Veenstra and Walter Daelemans. 1999. Cascaded grammatical relation assignment. [NLP] google scholar
Özlem Uzuner, Boris Katz and Deniz Yuret. 1999. Word sense disambiguation for information retrieval. In Proceedings of the 1999 16th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-99). [NLP, WSD, ai.ku] url pdf google scholar
Walter Daelemans, Sabine Buchholz and Jorn Veenstra. 1999. Memory-based shallow parsing. [NLP] google scholar
Kemal Oflazer, Dilek Z. Hakkani-Tür and Gökhan Tür. 1999. Design for a Turkish Treebank. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Linguistically Interpreted Corpora, EACL 99, Bergen, Norway. [NLP, parsing] pdf google scholar
Lisa Ferro, Marc Vilain and Alexander Yeh. 1999. Learning transformation rules to find grammatical relations. [NLP] google scholar
John D. Burger and Marc Light. 1999. Question answering from large document collections. [NLP] google scholar
B. Megyesi. 1999. Improving Brill's POS Tagger for an Agglutinative Language. In Proceedings of the Joing SIGDAT Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language and Very Large Corpora, pp 275--284, College Park, Maryland, USA. [NLP] google scholar
S.F. Chen and J. Goodman. 1999. An empirical study of smoothing techniques for language modeling. Computer Speech and Language, vol 13, no 4, pp 359--394. Academic Press. [NLP, SLM, acl08smoothing, cl09bib, comp542] pdf google scholar
Khalil Sima'an. 1999. Learning efficient disambiguation. [NLP] google scholar
Steven Abney, David Allen McAllester and Fernando C. N. Pereira. 1999. Relating probabilistic grammars and automata. [NLP, parsing] url pdf annote google scholar
Norbert Broeker. 1998. A projecion architecture for dependency grammar and how it compares to LFG. In Proc. LFG'98 (Brisbane/AUS). [NLP] google scholar
Norbert Broeker. 1998. How to define a context-free backbone for DGs: Implementing a DG in the LFG formalism. In Proc. COLING-ACL'98 Workshop ``Processing of Dependency-Based Grammars'', pp 29--38. [NLP] google scholar
Hiyan Alshawi, Srinivas Bangalore and Shona Douglas. 1998. Learning phrase-based head transduction models for translation of spoken utterances. [NLP] google scholar
Norbert Broeker. 1998. Separating surface order and syntactic relations in a dependency grammar. In Proc. COLING-ACL'98, pp 174--180. [NLP] google scholar
N. Ezeiza, et al. 1998. Combining Stochastic and Rule-based Methods for Disambiguation in Agglutinative Languages. In Proceedings of the 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (COLING/ACL98), pp 379--384. [NLP] google scholar
Ciprian Chelba and Frederick Jelinek. 1998. Exploiting syntactic structure for language modeling. In ACL 98. [NLP, SLM] ps google scholar
XTAG Research Group. 1998. A lexicalized tree adjoining grammar for English. [NLP] google scholar books
Alain Polguere and Sylvain Kahane, editors. 1998. Processing of dependency-based grammars. [NLP] google scholar
Ido Dagan, Lillian Lee and Fernando CN Pereira. 1998. Similarity-based models of word cooccurance probabilities. [NLP] google scholar
Boris Katz, Deniz Yuret, et al. 1998. Blitz: a preprocessor for detecting context-independent linguistic structures. In Proceedings of the 5th Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence (PRICAI '98). [NLP, ai.ku] url doc google scholar
Charles D. Yang. 1998. A variational theory of language acquisition. [NLP] google scholar
J. Hajič and B. Hladká. 1998. Tagging Inflective Languages: Prediction of Morphological Categories for a Rich, Structured Tagset. In Proceedings of the 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (COLING/ACL98), pp 483--490, Montreal, Canada. [NLP] google scholar
Tina Kapur. 1998. Natural language processing: learning the syntactic structure of English. [NLP] google scholar
Deniz Yuret. 1998. Discovery of linguistic relations using lexical attraction. MIT. [NLP, uparse, ai.ku] url pdf ps google scholar
Timo Jarvinen and Pasi Tapanainen. 1998. Towards an implementable dependency grammar. In COLING-ACL'98 workshop Processing of Dependency-based Grammars, pp 1--10. [NLP] google scholar
Stanley F. Chen and Joshua Goodman. 1998. An empirical study of smoothing techniques for language modeling, no TR-10-98. Harvard University. [NLP, SLM] pdf google scholar
Kenneth Yip and Gerald Jay Sussman. 1997. Sparse representations for fast, one-shot learning. In AAAI '97, July. [NLP] google scholar
Andreas Stolcke, et al. 1997. WS96 project report: dependency language modeling. [NLP] google scholar
Doug Beeferman, Adam Berger and John Lafferty. 1997. Text segmentation using exponential models. In EMNLP-2. [NLP] google scholar
Jeffrey C. Reynar and Adwait Ratnaparkhi. 1997. A maximum entropy approach to identifying sentence boundaries. In Proceedings of the 5th ANLP Conference. [NLP] google scholar
I. Dan Melamed. 1997. Automatic discovery of non-compositional compounds in parallel data. In EMNLP'97. [NLP] google scholar
Lillian Lee. 1997. Similarity-based approaches to natural language processing. Harvard University. [NLP] google scholar
Lillian Lee. 1997. Similarity-based approaches to natural language processing. Harvard University. [NLP] google scholar
Kemal Oflazer and Gökhan Tür. 1997. Morphological Disambiguation by Voting Constraints. In Proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL97, EACL97), Madrid, Spain. [NLP] google scholar
Adwait Ratnaparkhi. 1997. A linear observed time statistical parser based on maximum entropy models. In EMNLP-2. [NLP] google scholar
Eugene Charniak. 1997. Statistical parsing with a context-free grammar and word statistics. In AAAI'97. [NLP] google scholar
Ido Dagan, Lillian Lee and Fernando Pereira. 1997. Similarity-based methods for word sense disambiguation. [NLP] google scholar
Adwait Ratnaparkhi. 1997. A simple introduction to maximum entropy models for natural language processing. [NLP] google scholar
John Carroll and David Weir. 1997. Encoding frequency information in lexicalized grammars. In Proceedings of the 5th ACL/SIGPARSE International Workshop on Parsing Technologies. [NLP] google scholar
Stephen Della Pietra, Vincent Della Pietra and John Lafferty. 1997. Inducing features of random fields. IEEE Transactions Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol 19, no 4. [NLP] google scholar
Ulf Hermjakob and Raymond J. Mooney. 1997. Learning parse and translation decisions from examples with rich context. In ACL/EACL '97. [NLP] google scholar
Peter Neuhaus and Norbert Broker. 1997. The complexity of recognition of linguistically adequate dependency grammars. In ACL-EACL '97, pp 337--343, Madrid, Spain. [NLP] google scholar
Khalil Sima'an. 1997. Explanation-based learning of data-oriented parsing. [NLP] google scholar
Doug Beeferman, Adam Berger and John Lafferty. 1997. A model of lexical attraction and repulsion. In ACL/EACL '97. [NLP] google scholar
Caroline Lyon and Stephen Brown. 1997. Evaluating parsing schemes with entropy indicators. In 5th Meeting on Mathematics of Language. [NLP] google scholar
Michael Collins. 1997. Three generative, lexicalised models for statistical parsing. In Proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the ACL. [NLP] google scholar
Lillian Lee. 1997. Fast context-free parsing requires fast boolean matrix multiplication. [NLP] google scholar
Hiyan Alshawi, Srinivas Bangalore and Shona Douglas. 1997. Automatic acquisition of hierarchical transduction models for machine translation. [NLP] google scholar
Ciprian Chelba. 1997. A structured language model. In ACL-EACL 97, Student Section. [NLP] google scholar
Ulf Hermjakob. 1997. Learning parse and tranlsation decisions from examples with rich context. The University of Texas at Austin. [NLP] google scholar
Ted Briscoe and John Carroll. 1997. Automatic extraction of subcateorization from corpora. In ANLP-97. [NLP] google scholar
Walter Daelemans, et al. 1996. MBT: A Memory-based Part of Speech Tagger-generator. In Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Very Large Corpora, pp 14--27. [NLP] google scholar
Joshua Goodman. 1996. Parsing algorithms and metrics. [NLP] google scholar
Christopher Kennedy and Branimir Boguraev. 1996. Anaphora in a wider context: tracking discourse referents. [NLP] google scholar
Christopher Kennedy and Branimir Boguraev. 1996. Anaphora for everyone: pronomial anaphora resolution without a parser. [NLP] google scholar
Carl G. de Marcken. 1996. Linguistic structure as composition and perturbation. [NLP] google scholar
Marc Dymetman and Max Copperman. 1996. Extended dependency structures and their formal interpretation. In COLING-96. [NLP] google scholar
Fernando CN Pereira and Yoram Singer. 1996. Beyond word n-grams. [NLP] google scholar
Jason Eisner. 1996. Three new probabilistic models for dependency parsing. In COLING-96. [NLP, dparse, dparse.graph] pdf google scholar
Jason Eisner. 1996. An empirical comparison of probability models for dependency grammar. Technical Report. University of Pennsylvania. [dparse, NLP, parsing] pdf google scholar
Beth Levin and Malka Rappaport Hovav. 1996. From lexical semantics to argument realization. [NLP] google scholar
Eric Swen Ristad. 1996. Maximum entropy modeling toolkit. [NLP] pdf ps google scholar
Carl G. de Marcken. 1996. Unsupervised language acquisition. MIT. [NLP] google scholar
Michael Collins. 1996. A new statistical parser based on bigram lexical dependencies. In Proceedings of the 34th Annual Meeting of the ACL. [NLP] google scholar
Simon Kirby. 1996. Function, selection and innateness the emergence of language universals. University of Edinburgh. [NLP] google scholar
Joshua Goodman. 1996. Efficient algorithms for parsing the dop model. [NLP, uparse, DOP] google scholar
Stanley F. Chen. 1996. Building probabilistic models for natural language. Harvard University. [NLP] google scholar
Steven Abney. 1996. Statistical Methods and Linguistics. In The Balancing Act: Combining Symbolic and Statistical Approaches to Language, pp 1--26, Cambridge, Massachusetts. The MIT Press. [NLP] url pdf google scholar
Ciprian Chelba, et al. 1996. Structure and performance of a dependency language model. [NLP] google scholar
Lillian Lee. 1996. Learning of context-free languages: a survey of the literature, no TR-12-96. Harvard University, Center for Research in Computing Technology. [NLP] google scholar
Hiyan Alshawi. 1996. Head automata for speech translation. [NLP] google scholar
Hiyan Alshawi. 1996. Head automata and bilingual tiling: translation with minimal representations. [NLP] google scholar
Kavi Mahesh, Sergei Nirenburg, Jim Cowie and David Farwell. 1996. An assessment of cyc for natural language processing. [NLP] google scholar
Yael Karov and Shimon Edelman. 1996. Learning similarity-based word sense disambiguation from sparse data. [NLP] google scholar
Stanley F. Chen and Joshua Goodman. 1996. An Empirical Study of Smoothing Techniques for Language Modeling. In Proceedings of the 34th Annual Meeting of the ACL. [NLP, SLM, semeval07.bib, acl08smoothing, conll08st, nlpcourse] pdf pdf google scholar
Adwait Ratnaparkhi. 1996. A maximum entropy model for part-of-speech tagging. In Proceedings of the Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing. [NLP, comp542] pdf google scholar
Rens Bod. 1996. Efficient algorithms for parsing the DOP model? A reply to Joshua Goodman. [NLP, uparse, DOP] google scholar
Khalil Sima'an. 1996. Computational complexity of probabilistic disambiguation by means of tree-grammars. [NLP] google scholar
Frank Smadja, Kathleen R. McKeown and Vasileios Hatzivassiloglou. 1996. Translating collocations for bilingual lexicons: A statistical approach. Computational Linguistics, vol 22, no 1, pp 1--38. [NLP] google scholar
Rens Bod. 1996. Data-oriented language processing: an overview. [NLP, DOP] google scholar
S. Deligne and F. Bimbot. 1995. Language modeling by variable length sequences: Theoretical formulation and evaluation of multigrams. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech and Signal Processing, pp 169--172. [NLP, SLM] google scholar
Boris Katz. 1995. Multi-media information access using natural language annotations. [NLP] google scholar
Stephen Della Pietra, Vincent Della Pietra and John Lafferty. 1995. Inducing features of random fields. Technical Report, no CMU-CS-95-144. CMU. [NLP] google scholar
Eric Brill. 1995. Transformation-based error-driven learning and natural language processing: A case study in part-of-speech tagging. Computational Linguistics, vol 21, no 4, pp 543--565. [NLP] google scholar
David M. Magerman. 1995. Book review: Statistical language learning by Charniak. [NLP] google scholar
Carl G. de Marcken. 1995. On the unsupervised induction of phrase structure grammars. [NLP] google scholar
David J. C. Mackay and Linda C. Bauman Peto. 1995. A hierarchical Dirichlet language model. Natural Language Engineering, vol 1, no 3, pp 1--19. [NLP, SLM, acl08smoothing, comp542] pdf pdf google scholar
Dennis Grinberg, John Lafferty and Daniel Sleator. 1995. A robust parsing algorithm for link grammars. Technical Report, no CMU-CS-95-125. CMU. [NLP] google scholar
John D. Lafferty and Bernhard Suhm. 1995. Cluster expansions and iterative scaling for maximum entropy language models. In Maximum Entropy and Bayesian Methods. KluwerAcademic Publishers. [NLP] google scholar
Ronald A. Cole, et al. 1995. Survey of the state of the art in human language technology. http://www.cse.ogi.edu/CSLU/HLTsurvey/. [NLP] google scholar
P. Collet, A. Galves and A. Lopes. 1995. Maximum likelihood and minimum entropy identification of grammars. [NLP] google scholar
Noam Chomsky. 1995. Language and nature. Mind. [NLP] google scholar
Stanley F. Chen. 1995. Bayesian grammar induction for language modeling. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the ACL. [NLP] google scholar
Carl G. de Marcken. 1995. The unsupervised acquisition of a lexicon from continuous speech. AI Memo, no 1558. MIT. [NLP] google scholar
Carl G. de Marcken. 1995. Lexical heads, phrase structure and the induction of grammar. [NLP] google scholar
David M. Magerman. 1995. Statistical decision-tree models for parsing. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the ACL. [NLP] google scholar
M. Levinger, U. Ornan and A. Itai. 1995. Learning Morpho-lexical Probabilities from an Untagged Corpus with an Application to Hebrew. Computational Linguistics, vol 21, no 3, pp 383--404. [NLP] google scholar
F. Karlsson, A. Voutialinen, J. Heikkilä and A. Anttila. 1995. Constraint Grammar - A Language Independent System for Parsing Unrestricted Text. Mouton de Gruyter. [NLP] google scholar books
Michael Collins and James Brooks. 1995. Prepositional phrase attachment through a backed-off model. In Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Very Large Corpora. [NLP] google scholar
Mitchell P. Marcus, et al. 1994. The Penn Treebank: Annotating predicate argument structure. In ARPA Human Language Technology Workshop, March. [NLP, comp542] pdf pdf google scholar
Kemal Oflazer. 1994. Two-level Description of Turkish Morphology. Literary and Linguistic Computing, vol 9, no 2, pp 137--148. [NLP] pdf google scholar
Ronald M. Kaplan and Martin Kay. 1994. Regular models of phonological rule systems. Computational Linguistics, vol 20, no 3, pp 331-378. [NLP] google scholar
Bernard E.M. Jones. 1994. Exploring the role of punctuation in parsing natural text. In Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics. [NLP] google scholar
Timo Jarvinen. 1994. Annotating 200 million words: the bank of english project. In Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, pp 565-568. [NLP] google scholar
Kemal Oflazer and İlker Kuruöz. 1994. Tagging and Morphological Disambiguation of Turkish Text. In Proceedings of the 4th Applied Natural Language Processing Conference, pp 144--149. ACL. [NLP] google scholar
Andreas Stolcke and Stephen Omohundro. 1994. Inducing probabilistic grammars by Bayesian model merging. [NLP] google scholar
Andreas Stolcke. 1994. Bayesian learning of probabilistic language models. University of California at Berkeley. [NLP] google scholar
Ronald L. Rivest and Robert E. Schapire. 1994. Diversity-based inference of finite automata. [NLP] google scholar
Ido Dagan, Fernando Pereira and Lillian Lee. 1994. Similarity-based estimation of word cooccurance probabilities. [NLP] google scholar
Michael Covington. 1994. An empirically motivated reinterpretation of dependency grammar, no AI-1994-01. University of Georgia. [NLP] google scholar
Dekang Lin and Bonnie Dorr. 1994. Government-binding theory and principle-based parsing. [NLP] google scholar
Antonio Sanfilippo, Kerima Benkerimi and Dagmar Dwehus. 1994. Virtual polysemy. In Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, vol 2, pp 696-700. [NLP] google scholar
Bob Carpenter and Gerald Penn. 1994. ALE - the attribute logic engine user's guide (version 2.0.1). Technical Report. CMU. [NLP] google scholar
Geoffrey Sampson. 1994. Susanne: a domesday book of English grammar. In Corpus-based Research into Language, pp 169-187, Amsterdam. Rodopi. [NLP] google scholar
David Yarowsky. 1994. Decision lists for lexical ambiguity resolution. [NLP] google scholar
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Norbert Broeker, Udo Hahn and Susanne Schacht. 1994. Concurrent lexicalized dependency parsing: the parsetalk model. In Procedings of the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, pp 379--385. [NLP] google scholar
David Yarowsky. 1994. Unsupervised word sense disambiguation rivaling supervised methods. [NLP] google scholar
Ted Briscoe. 1994. Prospects for practical parsing of unrestricted text: robust statistical parsing techniques. In Corpus-based Research into Language, pp 97-119, Amsterdam. Rodopi. [NLP] google scholar
Gerard Salton, James Allan and Chris Buckley. 1994. Automatic structuring and retrieval of large text files. [NLP] google scholar
Stephen Della Pietra, et al. 1994. Inference and estimation of a long range trigram model. In International Colloquium on Grammatical Inference, pp 78--92, Alicante, Spain. [NLP] google scholar
Daniel M. Albro. 1994. AMAR: A computational model of autosegmental phonology. BS Thesis. MIT. [NLP] google scholar
David M. Magerman. 1994. Natural language parsing as statistical pattern recognition. Stanford University. [NLP] google scholar
Eric Brill. 1994. Some advances in rule-based part of speech tagging. In Proceedings of the Twelfth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-94), Seattle, Wa.. [NLP] google scholar
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Geoffrey Leech, Roger Garside and M. Bryant. 1994. The large-scale grammatical tagging of text. In Corpus-based Research into Language, pp 47-63, Amsterdam. Rodopi. [NLP] google scholar
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Donald Hindle. 1993. A parser for text corpora. In Computational Approaches to the Lexicon, pp 103--151. Oxford. [NLP] google scholar
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Fernando CN Pereira and Y. Schabes. 1992. Inside-outside reestimation from partially bracketed corpora. In Proceedings of the 30th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguist, pp 128-135. [NLP, uparse] google scholar
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Glenn Carroll and Eugene Charniak. 1992. Learning probabilistic dependency grammars from labeled text. In Probabilistic Approaches to Natural Language, Papers from 1992 AAAI Fall Symposium, pp 25--31. [NLP] google scholar
Ezra Black, John Lafferty and Salim Roukos. 1992. Development and evaluation of a broad-coverage probabilistic grammar of English-language computer manuals. In Proceedings of the 30th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguist, pp 185-192. [NLP] google scholar
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